There are number of dialects spoken in Maharashtra. Other Marathi–Konkani languages and dialects spoken in Maharashtra include Maharashtrian Konkani, Malvani, Sangameshwari, Agri, Andh, Warli, Vadvali and Samavedi. [30], After 1187 CE, the use of Marathi grew substantially in the inscriptions of the Seuna (Yadava) kings, who earlier used Kannada and Sanskrit in their inscriptions. त थ द ध न Language codes; ISO 639-1: ISO 639-2: ISO 639-3: Either: mar – Modern Marathi omr – Old Marathi: Linguist List. Mahanubhava literature generally comprises works that describe the incarnations of gods, the history of the sect, commentaries on the Bhagavad Gita, poetical works narrating the stories of the life of Krishna and grammatical and etymological works that are deemed useful to explain the philosophy of sect. श ष स The Mahanubhava sect made Marathi a vehicle for the propagation of religion and culture. Native Marathi speakers form 6.86% of India's population. This day is regulated by the State Government. [89] Numerous scholars have noted the existence of Dravidian linguistic patterns in the Marathi language. Baburao Bagul (1930–2008) was a pioneer of Dalit writings in Marathi. [96], Marathi Language Day (मराठी दिन/मराठी दिवस (transl. For example, 29 is एकुणतीस/एकोणतीस (एक-उणे-तीस) (thirty minus one). Marathi and Hindi are mostly understood all over the state. Vinayak Damodar Savarkar, a noted Hindutva ideologue, writer, and poet, contributed to the Marathi language by coining new Marathi equivalents for words from other languages, mostly English. The bulk of the variation within these dialects is primarily lexical and phonological (e.g. Maharashtrian or Marathi cuisine is the cuisine of the Marathi people from the Indian state of Maharashtra.It has distinctive attributes, while sharing much with other Indian cuisines.Traditionally, Maharashtrians have considered their food to be more austere than others. The oldest stone inscriptions in the Marathi language date to around 975 AD, and can be seen at Shravanabelgola in modern-day Karnataka at the foot of the Bahubali Statue. The Goa, Daman, and Diu Official Language Act, 1987 makes Konkani the official language but provides that Marathi may also be used "for all or any of the official purposes". These dialects retain the 17th-century basic form of Marathi and have been considerably influenced by the Dravidian languages[70] after the migration. प फ ब भ म The language has some of the oldest literatur… Krishnadayarnava and Sridhar were poets during the Peshwa period. [80], क ख गं घ ङ Marathi has the third largest number of native speakers in India, after Hindi and Bengali. Maharashtra Languages. English is applicable in urban areas. It is the official language and co-official language in the Maharashtra and Goa states of Western India, respectively and is one of the 22 scheduled languages of India. [88] An unusual feature of Marathi, as compared to other Indo-European languages, is that it displays inclusive and exclusive we, common to the Austronesian and Dravidian languages. It has a long history of Marathi saints of Varakari religious movement, such as Dnyaneshwar, Namdev, Chokhamela, Eknath and Tukaram which forms the one of bases of the culture of Maharashtra or Marathi culture. [49] Newspapers provided a platform for sharing literary views, and many books on social reforms were written. … Maharashtra Post Office Postman Syllabus 2020: The candidates who are searching for Maharashtra Post Office Postman Syllabus 2020 come at right place. But The Maharasthrians speak Marathi language which is a part of the southern group of Indo-Aryan languages. महाराष्ट्र (Maharashtra) भारत (India) का एक राज्य है जो भारत के दक्षिण मध्य में स्थित है इसकी गिनती भारत के सबसे धनी राज्यों में सी की जाती है The book is still in print nearly two centuries after its publication. Tukaram wrote over 3000 abhangs or devotional songs. Hindu Traditionalism and Nationalist Ideologies in Nineteenth-Century Maharashtra. Area 118,800 square miles (307,690 square km). In the bigger cities of Maharashtra (like Mumbai, Pune, etc), where the populace has acquired cosmopolitan nature, Hindi and English are counted amongst the major languages. Maharashtra’s Gross State Domestic Product (GSDP) at current prices was Rs. The oldest stone inscriptions in the Marathi language date to around 975 AD, and can be seen at Shravanabelgola in modern-day Karnataka at the foot of the Bahubali Statue. Marathi (English: /məˈrɑːti/;[7] मराठी, Marāṭhī, Marathi: [məˈɾaʈʰi] (listen)) is an Indo-Aryan language spoken predominantly by around 83 million Marathi people of Maharashtra, India. Most of the forts in Maharashtra were built by Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj and his Maratha Empire. The late-19th century in Maharashtra saw the rise of essayist Vishnushastri Chiplunkar with his periodical, Nibandhmala that had essays that criticized social reformers like Phule and Gopal Hari Deshmukh. different regions have their own dialects. A literary event called Akhil Bharatiya Marathi Sahitya Sammelan (All-India Marathi Literature Meet) is held every year. Mukundaraja's other work, Paramamrta, is considered the first systematic attempt to explain the Vedanta in the Marathi language. Notable grammarians of this period were Tarkhadkar, A.K.Kher, Moro Keshav Damle, and R.Joshi[56]. [40][34] But recently, with the introduction of language localization projects and new technologies, various software and Internet applications have been introduced. Some words in Marathi preserve the schwa, which has been omitted in other languages which use Devanagari. Jawaharlal Nehru University (New Delhi) has announced plans to establish a special department for Marathi. Dialects bordering other major language areas have many properties in common with those languages, further differentiating them from standard spoken Marathi. Clip fonts are in vogue on PCs even today since most computers use English keyboards. The 16th century saint-poet Eknath (1528–1599) is well known for composing the Eknāthī Bhāgavat, a commentary on Bhagavat Purana and the devotional songs called Bharud. [58] Encyclopædia Britannica 2007 Ultimate Reference Suite. This period also saw the development of Powada (ballads sung in honor of warriors), and Lavani (romantic songs presented with dance and instruments like tabla). When two or more consecutive consonants are followed by a vowel then a jodakshar (consonant cluster) is formed. For most fractions greater than 1, the prefixes savvaa-, saaḍe-, paavaṇe- are used. [9] The major dialects of Marathi are Standard Marathi and the Varhadi dialect. Customer Success Manager, Customer Service Representative, Site Reliability Engineer and more! It is celebrated on the Birthday of eminent Marathi Poet Vi. Being in the western region of India, Maharashtra has been blessed with an abundant supply of natural resources and the significance of the region has been mentioned in the ancient texts. Maharashtra State Information. They are paava, ardhaa, and pauṇa, respectively. You will also find a number of people speaking Gujarati, Konkani, Urdu and a medley of South Indian languages. It was during the 20th century, that the people belonging to the peasant community of the Indo-Aryan Kshatriya Marathi class who were described … A positive integer is read by breaking it up from the tens digit leftwards, into parts each containing two digits, the only exception being the hundreds place containing only one digit instead of two. In area it is the third-biggest state of India. [99], Sharing of linguistic resources with other languages. Other well known literary scholars of the 17th century were Mukteshwar and Shridhar. [59] His first collection of stories, Jevha Mi Jat Chorali (जेव्हा मी जात चोरली, "When I Stole My Caste"), published in 1963, created a stir in Marathi literature with its passionate depiction of a cruel society and thus brought in new momentum to Dalit literature in Marathi. Infact, this language is spoken by the majority of population living in the state. The Mughals and Marathas owned a lot of land here and built some of the most iconic and magnificent buildings and forts here. N.C.Kelkar's biographical writings, novels of Hari Narayan Apte, Narayan Sitaram Phadke and V. S. Khandekar, Vinayak Damodar Savarkar's nationalist literature and plays of Mama Varerkar and Kirloskar. Suburban Mumbai district is largest by population. The eyelash reph/raphar (र्‍) is produced in Unicode by the sequence [ra र ] + [virāma ्] + [ZWJ] and [rra ऱ ]+ [virāma ्] + [ZWJ]. These are written as ॲ and ऑ. [33] Mukteshwar translated the Mahabharata into Marathi; Tukaram (1608–49) transformed Marathi into a rich literary language. It is also Maharashtra's official language. Cities in Maharashtra are Metropolitan and are a blend of many cultures and use English as their official language. Modern Asian Studies, 10(3), pp.321-348. However, Mumbai being a cosmopolitan city also accepts several other languages such as Gujarati, Kannada, English, Telugu, Konkani, Dangii, Varhadii and Hindi. The colonial authorities also worked on standardizing Marathi under the leadership of James Thomas Molesworth and Candy. What does maharashtra mean? Mukundaraja bases his exposition of the basic tenets of the Hindu philosophy and the yoga marga on the utterances or teachings of Shankaracharya. Districts :35. ; MahaRERA Order Invoking Force Majeure for Covid - 19 Pandemic. [43] Va. Shirwadkar, popularly known as Kusumagraj. [51] Later under the editorship of Lokmanya Tilak, the newspaper was instrumental in spreading Tilak's nationalist and social views. महाराष्ट्र राज्य की स्थापना 1 मई 1960 को हुई थी। 2). Marathi is included among the languages which stand a part of the Eighth Schedule of the Constitution of India, thus granting it the status of a "scheduled language". [10] Koli[disambiguation needed], Agri and Malvani Konkani have been heavily influenced by Marathi varieties. Capital : Mumbai. The 13th-century varkari saint Dnyaneshwar (1275–1296) wrote a treatise in Marathi on Bhagawat Gita popularly called Dnyaneshwari and Amritanubhava. His poetry contained his inspirations. Translations of the Bible were first books to be printed in Marathi. As with other Indic languages, there are distinct names for the fractions ​1⁄4, ​1⁄2, and ​3⁄4. ब.याच विदेशी कंपन्यांन… Since 1950 it has been written in the Balbodh style of Devanagari. The staple diet of Maharashtra includes wheat, rice, jowar, bajri, vegetables, lentils and fruit. Notable examples of Marathi prose are "Līḷācarītra" (लीळाचरीत्र), events and anecdotes from the miracle-filled the life of Chakradhar Swami of the Mahanubhava sect compiled by his close disciple, Mahimbhatta, in 1238. In addition to all universities in Maharashtra, Maharaja Sayajirao University of Baroda in Vadodara,[18] Osmania University in Hyderabad,[19] Karnataka University in Dharwad,[20] Gulbarga University in Kalaburagi,[21] Devi Ahilya University in Indore[22] and Goa University in Goa[23] have special departments for higher studies in Marathi linguistics. Documents from this period, therefore, give a better picture of the life of common people. The oldest book in prose form in Marathi, Vivēkasindhu (विवेकसिंधु), was written by Mukundaraja, a Nath yogi and arch-poet of Marathi. 1972. First Marathi periodical Dirghadarshan was started in 1840. American Marathi mission and the Scottish missionaries led to the development of a peculiar pidginized Marathi called "Missionary Marathi” in the early 1800s. The word “Maharashtra” was derived from Sanskrit words Maha (“great”) and Rashtra (“nation/dominion”) formally known as “Great Nation”. Maharashtra presents a complex range of physical diversity. Food. [29] A 2-line 1118 CE Marathi inscription at Shravanabelagola records a grant by the Hoysalas. list of most spoken languages in the world, Learn how and when to remove this template message, "Abstract of Language Strength in India: 2011 Census", "Marathi Culture, History and Heritage in Mauritius", "Marathi may become the sixth classical language", "Dept. They inhabit the state of Maharashtra as well as districts bordering the state, such as Belgaum of Karnataka and the state of Goa in western India as well as districts of southern Gujarat and parts of Madhya Pradesh. Tucker, R., 1976. To simplify administration and revenue collection, the sultans promoted use of Marathi in official documents. From the 13th century until the beginning of British rule in 19th century, Marathi was written in the Modi script for administrative purposes but in Devanagari for literature. Traditions of Marathi Linguistics and the above-mentioned rules give special status to tatsamas, words adapted from Sanskrit. You will also find a number of people speaking Gujarati, Konkani, Urdu and a medley of South Indian languages. Maharashtra was formed on 1 May 1960 by splitting the bilingual Bombay State, which had existed since 1956, into majority Marathi-speaking Maharashtra and Gujarati-speaking Gujarat, respectively. Native speakers of Marathi formed 70.34% of the population in Maharashtra, 10.89% in Goa, 7.01% in Dadra and Nagar Haveli, 4.53% in Daman and Diu, 3.38% in Karnataka, 1.7% in Madhya Pradesh and 1.52% in Gujarat. They include some stunning forts that stand proudly in Maharashtra. Marathi is one of the 22 official languages and 14 regional languages of India. It is the official language and co-official language in the Maharashtra and Goa states of Western India, respectively and is one of the 22 scheduled languages of India. Desh (Pune Division) 2. Maharashtra is a state in the western peninsular region of India occupying a substantial portion of the Deccan Plateau. These excursions by the Marathas helped to spread Marathi over broader geographical regions. But the divisions are also popularly known by other names and that is how they are listed here. [62] Notable Dalit authors writing in Marathi include Arun Kamble, Shantabai Kamble, Raja Dhale, Namdev Dhasal, Daya Pawar, Annabhau Sathe, Laxman Mane, Laxman Gaikwad, Sharankumar Limbale, Bhau Panchbhai, Kishor Shantabai Kale, Narendra Jadhav, Keshav Meshram, Urmila Pawar, Vinay Dharwadkar, Gangadhar Pantawane, Kumud Pawde and Jyoti Lanjewar. 1. In addition, the Akhil Bharatiya Marathi Natya Sammelan (All-India Marathi Theatre Convention) is also held annually. A common literature in Marathi, the predominant language of the state, has in fact played an important role in nurturing a sense of unity among the Maharashtrians. [34], Marathi was widely used during the Sultanate period. [27] Marathi, a derivative of Maharashtri, is probably first attested in a 739 CE copper-plate inscription found in Satara. Business Development Executive, Customer Service Representative, Video Banking and more! Its language is Marathi. [63][64][65][66], In recent decades there has been a trend among Marathi speaking parents of all social classes in major urban areas of sending their children to English medium schools. The Kadamba script and its variants have been historically used to write Marathi in the form of inscriptions on stones and copper plates. In Marathi, the retroflex lateral approximant ḷ [ɭ] is common, while in the Varhadii dialect, it corresponds to the palatal approximant y (IPA: [j]), making this dialect quite distinct. Except for Father Stephen's Krista Purana in the Latin script in the 1600s, Marathi has mainly been printed in Devanagari because William Carey, the pioneer of printing in Indian languages, was only able to print in Devanagari. Shrilipee, Shivaji, kothare 2,4,6, Kiran fonts KF-Kiran[95] and many more (about 48) are clip fonts that were used prior to the introduction of Unicode standard for Devanagari script. It is written from left to right. are written in the same way. क्ष ज्ञ. After Indian independence, Marathi was accorded the status of a scheduled language on the national level. Marathi Dina/Marathi Diwasa) is celebrated on 27 February every year across the Indian states of Maharashtra and Goa. While the majority do speak Marathi, others speak Hindi, Gujarati, English and other languages. The new grammar stuck, which led to the unique flexibility of vowels lengths – amongst other anomalies – in Marathi. The major rivers of the state are Godavari, Krishna, Narmada and Tapi. In Devanagari, consonant letters by default come with an inherent schwa. States within India have the liberty and powers to specify their own official language(s) through legislation. [42] The most comprehensive Marathi-English dictionary was compiled by Captain James Thomas Molesworth and Major Thomas Candy in 1831. Therefore, तयाचे will be 'təyāche', not 'tyāche'. [83], In February 2008, Swagat Thorat published India's first Braille newspaper, the Marathi Sparshdnyan, a news, politics and current affairs fort nightly magazine.[85]. Who are searching for Maharashtra Post Office Postman Syllabus 2020: the language has some of the population Linguistics. 67 ] not found in other languages ) at current prices was Rs (. 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