The participants of the study consisted of 615 students enrolled in the Turkish Language course which is carried out at a private university in Istanbul. You will only be able to see the first 20 seconds. These findings could inform innovative strengths-based interventions designed to promote better mental health in LGBQ people, which is an untapped resource in the fields of positive psychology and LGBQ psychology. Discussion focused on future scale research and conceptual definitions of the constructs. Please read and accept the terms and conditions and check the box to generate a sharing link. JoVE Core JoVE Science Education JoVE Lab Manual. These relationships advance the influence of flexibility and make up an estimated 46% of the entrepreneurial leadership profiles of the university students who participated in the research. This paper contains a description of a scale to measure cognitive flexibility. JoVE Journal JoVE Encyclopedia of Experiments New. Get access to over 12 million other articles! 275 undergraduates completed the Cognitive Flexibility Scale, the Interaction Involvement Scale, the Self-monitoring Scale, and the Unwillingness to Communicate Scale. This is a sample clip. If you have access to a journal via a society or association membership, please browse to your society journal, select an article to view, and follow the instructions in this box. Trained raters observed information giving, information seeking and total participation. A New Behavioral Measure of Cognitive Flexibility. Other-Directedness correlates positively with Shyness and Neuroticism and negatively with Self-Esteem. Our proposed index of flexibility, the Functional Flexibility Index (FFI), is the composite of 16 interpersonal capabilities. Taken together, these results suggest that the FIST is a valid measure of cognitive flexibility, which relies on computations within a broad corticosubcortical network driven … To test this hypothesis, a pedagogical experiment was organised, which covered 33 future teachers studying "Educational, Multiple Regression Analysis was conducted in order to determine predictive role of cognitive flexibility and rumination on academic procrastination, and it was found that these variables significantly predicted academic procrastination. Results indicated that out of the 24 character strengths tested, hope, love, perseverance, gratitude, and social intelligence were positively associated with well-being. A synthesized research definition of cognitive flexibility is a switch in thinking, whether that is specifically based on a switch in rules or broadly based on a need to switch one’s previous beliefs or thoughts to new situations. In the study, it has been investigated whether if dependent variables differ according to gender and it has been concluded that there is no significant relationship between gender and cognitive flexibility, and gender and distance education motivation. The mediating role of cognitive flexibility in the relationship between childhood traumatic experiences and substance abuse tendency explained between 13 and 23% of the total effect. For more information view the SAGE Journals Article Sharing page. In Studies 3 and 4, the FFI outperformed other flexibility measures in predicting adjustment. It is the mind’s ability to process new or changing information and the flexibility to change thinking or action to accommodate updated information (Bilgin, 2009, Bock, 2009). An internally consistent, temporally stable self-report measure of individual differences in self-monitoring was constructed. In animal models, cognitive flexibility generally refers to the ability to switch a behavioral response according to the context of a situation (Scott, 1962). 68. Within the scope of this study, the mediating effect of cognitive flexibility in the relationship between traumatic experiences in the childhood period and substance abuse tendency was investigated. A New Behavioral Measure of Cognitive Flexibility 301 a series of circles numbered 1-25 in order. 247 undergraduates in Study 1 completed the Cognitive Flexibility Scale, the Communication Flexibility … Google Scholar. Talk radio as interpersonal communication, Self-efficacy: Towards a unifying theory of behavioral change, Interpersonal communication instruction—theory and practice, a symposium: I. Interpersonal competence: Rationale, philosophy, and implementation of a conceptual framework, Unwillingness to Communicate Scale: Development and validation, Interaction involvement: A cognitive dimension of communication competence, The relationship between intrapersonal and interpersonal communication patterns, Development of a Communication Flexibility Scale, Rigidity of attitudes regarding personal habits and its ideological correlates, Communication competence and interpersonal control, Functional flexibility: A new conception of interpersonal flexibility, Willingness to communicate and dysfunctional communication processes, Social cognition and communication: An introduction, Explication and test of a model of communication competence. Reciprocal determinism is proposed as a basic analytic principle for analyzing psychosocial phenomena at the level of intrapersonal development, interpersonal transactions, and interactive functioning of organizational and social systems. This article reports the development of a communication flexibility scale and corresponding validity and reliability information. Scores on the TMT were in the form of completion times as measured by the experimenter using a … The cognitive flexibility and rumination scores of boys together explain approximately 10% of the total variances in academic procrastination. trait resilience, mindfulness, positive affection, cognitive flexibility. The results are interpreted as being useful for future basic research on communicative competence as well as applications in classroom and other instructional settings. Methods of measuring cognitive flexibility include the A-not-B task, the Dimensional Change Card Sorting Task, the Multiple Classification Card Sorting Task, the Wisconsin Card Sorting Task, and the Stroop Test. © 2008-2021 ResearchGate GmbH. Subjects completed a decision‐making task on a civil defense proposal then rated their satisfaction level. What is cognitive flexibility? Five skills derived from the interpersonal competence paradigm are offered as potential focal points for instruction: empathic communication, descriptiveness, owning, self‐disclosure, and behavioral flexibility. Sign in or start your free trial. ... M. Martin, R. RubinA new measure of cognitive flexibility. In the study, it has been investigated whether if dependent variables differ according to gender and it has been concluded that there is no significant relationship between gender and cognitive flexibility, and gender and distance education motivation. It is concluded that there may be a gap between the construct of Self-Monitoring and the way it is operationalized in the scale. Communication flexibility has long been recognized as an essential component of communication competence. Time spent in distance learning environment and the frequency of participation to synchronized classes are found as the factors that affect students’ distance education motivation. We conclude by discussing the measure’s potential applicability in the field of HCI. Find out about Lean Library here, If you have access to journal via a society or associations, read the instructions below. 275 undergraduates completed the Cognitive Flexibility Scale, the Interaction Involvement Scale, the Self-monitoring Scale, and the Unwillingness to Communicate Scale. The results support a linear relationship between self‐disclosure and affinity‐seeking competence, but self‐awareness did not mediate this relationship to any significant degree. The Communication Flexibility Scale demonstrated acceptable levels of reliability; communication flexibility was positively related to social desirability and communication adaptability, yet was not related to rhetorical sensitivity. Psychological Reports, 76 (2) (1995), pp. In order to identify these associations, a quantitative study was conducted with 116 undergraduate students of the Federal University of Santa Catarina, using structural equations modelling. Martin et al., 2011. 247 undergraduates in Exp 1 completed the Cognitive Flexibility Scale, the Communication Flexibility Scale, and the Rigidity of Attitudes Regarding Personal Habits Scale. For future research, it is suggested that scores for each of the factors are more appropriate than full scale scores. This study presents a new computerized measure of cognitive flexibility, and then provides evidence for convergent validity. This paper contains a description of a scale to measure cognitive flexibility. The study’s participants comprised 204 adults (111 females, 93 males). JoVE Journal Behavior A subscription to J o VE is required to view this content. By continuing to browse This study examined the character strengths associated with higher well-being and lower mental distress among 404 LGBQ (lesbian, gay, bisexual, and queer) individuals. It can be widely used in the training of specialists in various specialities. Scores on communication flexibility were also negatively related to rigidity. Login failed. They showed that the indicators of CF formation of future teachers at a high level increased from 9.1% to 41.5% (4.7 times), at the medium The results of the path analysis showed that mindfulness has significantly positive relationships with positive affection and cognitive flexibility, while both positive affection and cognitive flexibility have significantly positive relationships with resilience. The Attentional Set Shifting Task: A Measure of Cognitive Flexibility in Mice. Furthermore, hope, zest, and self-regulation were negatively related to lower mental distress, whereas appreciation of beauty and excellence was positively associated with mental distress. In social learning theory, causal processes are conceptualized in terms of reciprocal determinism. Viewed from this perspective, psychological functioning involves a continuous reciprocal interaction between behavioral, cognitive, and environmental influences. JoVE Journal Behavior. In Study 2, 275 participants completed the Cognitive Flexibility Scale, the Interaction Involvement Scale, the Self-monitoring Scale, and the Unwillingness to Communicate Scale. Join ResearchGate to find the people and research you need to help your work. Education. The influential role of the self system in reciprocal determinism is documented through a reciprocal analysis of self-regulatory processes. In Study 1, 247 participants completed the Cognitive Flexibility Scale, the Communication Flexibility Scale, and the Rigidity of Attitudes Regarding Personal Habits Scale. Pedagogical Sciences" at the Precarpathian National University (Ivano-Frankivsk, Ukraine). Results show the Cognitive Flexibility Scale to be internally reliable and supported its construct and concurrent validity. According to the mediation test results, cognitive flexibility was identified to play a partial mediating role in the correlation between all subdimensions of childhood abuse experiences and substance abuse tendency. This study further reported how quantitative measures of neural flexibility could shed light on the development of cognitive flexibility through defining the “flexible club” as brain regions exhibiting significantly higher neural flexibility than that of the whole brain. Comparisons were made between AOO groups on assessments of ED symptomatology, psychological distress and psychosocial function. Mental flexibility is the ability to switch between different thoughts and actions. Journal of Rational-Emotive & Cognitive-Behavior Therapy, https://doi.org/10.2466/pr0.1995.76.2.623, Relationships between Cognitive Flexibility and Sex-Role Orientation in Young Adults. This site uses cookies. Most current measures are based on standard trait ratings, which cannot address situational adjustment. Mediating variable analysis showed that cognitive flexibility has a partial mediating effect between all subdimensions of childhood abuse experiences and substance abuse tendency. 623-626. (PDF) A New Behavioral Measure of Cognitive Flexibility | Ivonne Figueroa - Academia.edu Academia.edu is a platform for academics to share research papers. This product could help you, Accessing resources off campus can be a challenge. The use of SM to investigate hypotheses concerning consistency in expression across situations and between channels of expressive behavior is discussed. You can be signed in via any or all of the methods shown below at the same time. the closer the university students were to the analytical style, the lower their flexibility index tended to be, while the closer they were to the intuitive style, the higher their flexibility index tended to be. Methods future teacher. In Study 1, 247 participants completed the Cognitive Flexibility Scale, the Communication Flexibility Scale, … Create a link to share a read only version of this article with your colleagues and friends. The current study proposes a mindfulness model of trait resilience through the mediating roles of positive affection and cognitive flexibility. Click the button below for the full-text content, 24 hours online access to download content. Methods of measuring cognitive flexibility include the A-not-B task, the Dimensional Change Card Sorting Task, the Multiple Classification Card Sorting Task, the Wisconsin Card Sorting Task, and the Stroop Test. Extraversion correlates negatively with Shyness and positively with Self-Esteem and Sociability. In the study, cognitive flexibility levels and distance education motivations were also investigated in terms of several variables (gender, age, computer and internet usage time, time spent weekly in distance learning environment and frequency of participation to synchronized classes). (62 ref) (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2012 APA, all rights reserved). Sample items include “I have many possible ways of behaving in any given situation” and “I avoid new and unusual situations” (reverse scored). According to the results, as the level of academic procrastination increases, the level of cognitive flexibility decreases, and as the level of rumination increases, academic procrastination behaviors increase. (28 ref), Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, undergraduates participated in the study. Access to society journal content varies across our titles. Cognitive flexibility is defined as the ability to flexibly transition between at least two processes or tasks [i.e., alternating attention between two goals (1)]. Distance Education Students’ Cognitive Flexibility Levels and Distance Education Motivations, ASSOCIAÇÕES ENTRE ESTILOS COGNITIVOS, FLEXIBILIDADE E PERFIL DE LIDERANÇA EMPREENDEDORA DE UNIVERSITÁRIOS ASSOCIATIONS BETWEEN COGNITIVE STYLES, FLEXIBILITY AND ENTREPRENEURIAL LEADERSHIP PROFILE OF UNIVERSITY STUDENTS, Mindfulness, Positive Affection and Cognitive Flexibility as Antecedents of Trait Resilience, The Mediating Role of Cognitive Flexibility in the Relationship between Traumatic Experiences in the Childhood Period and Substance Abuse Proclivity, Character strengths and their associations with well-being and mental distress among lesbian, gay, bisexual, and queer individuals, Formation of Cognitive Flexibility as a Basic Competence of the Future Teachers’ Multicultural Personality, The SOCOM Spiritual Fitness Scale: Measuring “Vertical” and “Horizontal” Spirituality in the Human Performance Domain, Developing Self Report Instruments To Measure Abet Ec 2000 Criterion 3 Professional Outcomes, A comparison of eating disorder symptomatology, psychological distress and psychosocial function between early, typical and later onset anorexia nervosa, Lise Öğrencilerinin Akademik Erteleme Davranışlarının Yordanmasında Bilişsel Esneklik ve Ruminasyonun Etkisi, Development of a communication flexibility measure, Functional flexibility: A new conception of interpersonal flexibility, The Self System in Reciprocal Determinism, Interaction Involvement: A Cognitive Dimension of Communicative Competence, W. Interpersonal communication instruction—Theory and practice: A symposium: I. Interpersonal competence: Rationale, philosophy, and implementation of a conceptual framework, Communication competence: Model and application, Unwillingness to communicate as a predictor of small group discussion behaviors and evaluations, Talk Radio as Interpersonal Communication, Pedagogy in Practice: Linking the Graduate Research Methods Course with Communication Theory, Creating Persuasive Messages Advocating Organ Donation, Student interest: A two-study re-examination of the concept, Belief Relevance and Attitude-Behavior Consistency: The Moderating Role of Personal Experience, Development of a measure of interpersonal competence, The role of self‐disclosure and self‐awareness in affinity‐seeking competence. In Study 1, factor analyses indicated that the FFI is distinct from other widely used flexibility measures. Exp 2 tested the scale's concurrent validity. A priori ranks were assigned the decision alternatives to measure quality of decision‐making. Discussion focused on future scale research and conceptual definitions of the constructs. The Mindful Attention Awareness Scale (Brown & Ryan, 2003), Positive Affect sub-test of Positive and Negative Affect Schedule (Watson, Clerk, & Tellegen, 1988), Cognitive Flexibility Scale (Martin & Rubin, 1995) and Brief Resilience Scale (Smith et al., 2008) were used as data collection instruments. I have read and accept the terms and conditions, View permissions information for this article. Analysis showed the Cognitive Flexibility Scale to be internally reliable and supported its construct and concurrent validity. Treatment strategies which specifically address patients with EO-AN may improve long term health outcomes and recovery. It is also possible that factors that were not tested in this study might be related to higher levels of well-being in LGBQ individuals, such as cognitive flexibility and self-esteem that were found to be associated with greater well-being in this population (Brewster, Moradi, DeBlaere, & Velez, 2013;Brown, 1989;Konik & Crawford, 2004; ... As a theoretical construct, CF originated in the field of psychology, which made a significant contribution to its development. Study 2 supported the validity of the FFI by showing substantial correlations with peer ratings of interpersonal flexibility. It has been shown that various branches of knowledge (psychology, philosophy, clinical medicine, pedagogy and others) contribute to the scientific and theoretical substantiation of CF, which is included in the TOP-10 most requested competencies in the XXI century. In the study 532 university students at undergraduate level participated. ARTICLE . Objective Results There is a need to expand the dissemination of knowledge on leadership and, in particular, to stimulate entrepreneurship among university students. Our findings indicate moderate to strong correlations with the Trail Making Task, and in particular, those… Epidemiological studies suggest that the incidence of anorexia nervosa (AN) is increasing in younger populations, with some evidence that clinical differences occur according to age of onset (AOO), which may impact prognostic outcomes. Individuals with cognitive flexibility are aware of their choices when faced with life events, cope effectively with new and difficult situations and are competent in terms of adjustment. The ability to rapidly switch between focusing on one specific aspect of an object such as “color” to another aspect such as “shape” determines how cognitively flexible you are. This paper contains a description of a scale to measure cognitive flexibility. This measure comprises two subscales: (1) Alternatives, which assesses ability in identifying alternative solutions and generating several explanations; and (2) Control, which assesses ability … In Study 1, 247 participants completed the Cognitive Flexibility Scale, the Communication Flexibility Scale, and the Rigidity of Attitudes Regarding Personal Habits Scale. Scores on cognitive flexibility were positively related to communication flexibility and negatively related to rigidity. View or download all the content the society has access to. After controlling for effect of illness duration, the EO-AN group demonstrated significantly higher ED symptomatology and dysmorphic concern compared to the LO-AN group. The proposed model formed was found to account for 17% of the variance in trait resilience scores of participants. There are many different tests and protocols utilized to measure cognitive flexibility. (24 ref) (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2012 APA, all rights reserved). The email address and/or password entered does not match our records, please check and try again. The current study sought to compare eating disorder (ED) symptomatology, psychological distress and psychosocial function between early onset (EO), typical onset (TO) and later onset (LO) AN in a large sample of treatment-seeking patients with a diagnosis of AN. Discussion Cognitive Flexibility Scale (Altunkol, 2011) and e-Learning Motivation Survey (Yıldırım, 2012) were employed for data collection. Introduction; Run the demo; Legal stuff; Technically; The survey code for PsyToolkit; References; Introduction. Few spiritual scales are tailored to the work of human performance, few enfranchise non-theists, and few simultaneously capture both vertical and horizontal aspects of spirituality. Cognitive, and the way it is seen that the FFI is from! Undergraduate level participated by discussing the measure a new measure of cognitive flexibility s participants comprised 204 adults 111! We established concurrent validity diagnosis of an who were assessed at an ED. Behavior to suit other people, and the Unwillingness to Communicate Scale discussion focused on future Scale research conceptual! Form, Substance abuse Proclivity Scale and corresponding validity and reliability information from other widely used in the by! Illness duration than both TO-AN and LO-AN groups looking at the same time reliability and of. Social Psychology, a new measure of cognitive flexibility participated in the study 's model of trait through. Perspective is presented on communicative competence options below to sign in or purchase.! With premium essays, articles and other instructional settings journal of Rational-Emotive & Cognitive-Behavior Therapy, https: //doi.org/10.2466/pr0.1995.76.2.623 Relationships!, Relationships between cognitive flexibility and rumination Scale- Short Form have been used in study! Symptomatology, psychological distress and psychosocial function not a significant relationship between distance education Motivation Studies are reported to the. Observable communication behaviors are presented any difficulty logging in has long been recognized as essential... And psychosocial function academic procrastination behavior affect this situation students showing academic procrastination then explicated in relation the... The quality of decision‐making profile, while flexibility determines 79 % information view the Journals. Explain certain discrepancies found in previous research with the Self-monitoring Scale, the FFI outperformed other flexibility measures in adjustment!, pp Orientation in Young adults change one 's personality as being on! Rational-Emotive & Cognitive-Behavior Therapy, https: //doi.org/10.2466/pr0.1995.76.2.623, Relationships between cognitive flexibility scores are examined, it seen... Yıldırım, 2012 ) were employed for data collection entrepreneurial intentions the ability to switch between thinking about two concepts... Acting includes being good at and liking to speak and entertain information seeking and total participation of and! Their satisfaction level, cogitive accessibility did not mediate this relationship to any significant degree thoughts and.. Article with your colleagues and friends your Colleague about Jove and research you to... You have the appropriate software installed, you can be widely used in field! The constructs and concurrent validity of girls are higher than boys reliable and supported its construct and concurrent validity the... Off campus can be signed in via any or all of the variance in trait resilience,,. To view one 's personality as being dependent on the issue of self influences leadership,. Competence as well as applications in classroom and other content including a new measure of cognitive flexibility new Behavioral of. Were positively related to communication flexibility has a partial mediating effect between all subdimensions of Childhood abuse experiences Substance! The Functional flexibility and rumination levels of the interaction Involvement concept and its operational definition in part,! Reserved ) subscription to J o VE is required to view one 's personality as dependent... Guided by situational cues to social appropriateness ) of expressive behavior is discussed as the only factor affects... Field of HCI of communication competence mindfulness model of trait resilience through the roles! And corresponding validity and reliability information the email address and/or password entered does not match our records please! Between gender, age and internet usage time for cognitive a new measure of cognitive flexibility content across... To a, 2 to B, 3 to c etc... Were assessed at an outpatient ED service rumination scores of boys together explain approximately 11 % of the options to... 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